Costa Rica is a country located in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the southeast.
Costa Rica, a Latin-American country abolished it’s army permanently in 1949, and it’s included in the list of the world’s 22 older democracies. Known by it’s beautiful beaches, rain forest and warm people, Costa Rica is an extravagant destination.
We care about our country and the environment, in 2007 our government announced plans for Costa Rica to become the first carbon-neutral country by 2021. We do our best and we want to make a difference, our country is ranked fifth in the world, and first among the Americas, in terms of the 2012 Environmental Performance Index.
Costa Rica has approximately about 5 million people and, San Jose, the capital city of the Republic of Costa Rica, in 1961. Founded in 1737, San Jose has 1.5 million residents, nearly half of Costa Rica’s population.
There is a strong European influence in San Jose and Costa Rica, including the architecture of historic buildings. Costa Rica has a strong educational system and several universities and institutes are located in the capital, including the University of Costa Rica.
Due to the fact that Costa Rica is positioned between 8 and 12 degrees north of the Equator, it has the perfect tropical climate year round. This all depends in what part of the country you are located, rainforest, the beach or simply the city.
Costa Rica's seasons are divided in two, unlike the Northern America with the known four-seasons, this country has the rainy season or the winter, as it sounds is the season when it rains the most, and the dry season which it would be the summer. The "summer" or dry season goes from December to April, and "winter" or rainy season goes from May to November. The humidity is higher on the Caribbean side than the Pacific side; and the mountains are the locations that receive bigger amounts of rain during the winter. The temperature stays pretty much the same all year, with an average of 27 °C (81 °F) as the highest and 20 °C (68 °F) the lowest temperature.
Coffee was first planted in Costa Rica in the early 19th century, and was first shipped to Europe in 1843, soon becoming Costa Rica's first major export. Coffee production would remain Costa Rica's principal source of wealth well into the 20th century. Most of the coffee exported was grown around the main centers of population in the Central Plateau and then transported by oxcart to the Pacific port of Puntarenas. Since the main market for the coffee was in Europe, it soon became a high priority to develop a transportation route from the Central Plateau to the Atlantic Ocean. For this purpose, in the 1870s, the Costa Rican government built a railroad to the Caribbean port of Limón. Despite enormous difficulties with construction, disease, and financing, the railroad was completed in 1890. Costa Rica has one of the most delightful tasting coffee in the entire world. The land is has just the perfect chemistry for the bean to grow with best flavors, strong real coffee. Costa Rica is the first country on hearth to export carbon-free coffee. Coopedota, a known coffee company in Costa Rica, has been certified by Carbon Clear (company that controls CO2 emissions), to the British Standards Institute’s PAS 2060, which is the only specification for demonstrating carbon neutrality. Coopedota’s efforts to make its coffee carbon neutral began in 1998 when it reduced by 40 percent energy consumption for the farm. Twelve years later the company has achieved carbon neutrality. The Coopedota coffee farm is located in the southeastern province of San José.
We have a great variety of animals within our country, many of these animals are only seen in our country. Our wildlife is so extensive that we wouldn’t be able to fit it in a small list, this is just a heads up to show you what you can see here. Make sure you bring your camera with you because you will be witness of all our exotic species. We know over 80% of the earth terrestrial animals live in tropical sites. Costa Rica offers over 600 species plus insects. We have many protected areas as, Santa Rosa National Park, Manuel Antonio National Park, Tortuguero, Isla del Coco National Park (World Heritage status). Just to mention a few. You can visit all of these amazing places and be witness of mother nature’s artwork.
The Wildlife of Costa Rica comprises all naturally occurring animals, fungi and plants that reside in this Central American country. Costa Rica supports an enormous variety of wildlife, due in large part to its geographic position between the North and South American continents, its neotropical climate, and its wide variety of habitats. Costa Rica is home to more than 500,000 species, which represents nearly 4% of the total species estimated worldwide, making Costa Rica one of the 20 countries with the highest biodiversity in the world. Of these 500,000 species, a little more than 300,000 are insects.
One of the principal sources of Costa Rica's biodiversity is that the country, together with the land now considered Panama, formed a bridge connecting the North and South American continents approximately three to five million years ago. This bridge allowed the very different flora and fauna of the two continents to mix.
Costa Rica is considered to possess the highest density of biodiversity of any country worldwide. While encompassing just one third of a percent of Earth’s landmass, approximately the size of West Virginia, Costa Rica contains four percent of species estimated to exist on the planet. Hundreds of these species are endemic to Costa Rica, meaning they exist nowhere else on earth. These endemic species include frogs, snakes, lizards, finches, hummingbirds, gophers, mice, cichlids, and gobies among many more.
Costa Rica’s biodiversity can be attributed to the variety of ecosystems within the country. Tropical rainforests, deciduous forests, Atlantic and Pacific coastline, cloud forests, and Mangrove forests are all represented throughout the 19,730 square miles of Costa Rica’s landmass. The ecological regions are twelve climactic zones. This variation provides numerous niches which are filled by a diversity of species.
Costa Rica’s butterfly species make up approximately 90% of all Central American butterflies, 66% of neo-tropical butterflies and 18% of the world’s total butterfly species. Butterflies are members of the insect class. They use their antennae for balance and smell, and though they flit through the air almost effortlessly, their four-part wings are very delicate and easily damaged. Their eyes, large compared to their bodies, provide them with only basic sight – images are blurry, and butterflies essentially see only motion, light and color. These three perceptions serve butterflies well for their average 3-week lifespan. Many butterflies play the important ecological role of pollinator. They feed on flower nectar, helping to cross-pollinate by delivering precious pollen among the colorful blooms. In addition to sweet nectar, butterflies also feast on tree sap, rotting fruit and the dissolved minerals often found in wet sand, dirt and animal dung. Due to their beauty and profusion, butterflies hold much significance in both ancient and modern cultures. Many societies, including the ancient Greeks, believed that butterflies represented the human soul. Similarly, in China and Japan, butterflies represented the presence of loved ones. Oppositely, some cultures believed butterflies to be foreboding omens or carriers of bad luck.